Is it Illegal to Possess Steroids in California?

In the U.S., although steroids have a recognized purpose in the medical field, it is illegal for a person to possess the substance without having a prescription from a doctor.

What Are Steroids Used For?

Anabolic steroids are a synthetic version of the male sex hormone, testosterone. Medical professionals will prescribe the substance to various individuals to treat health conditions such as delayed puberty or muscle loss.

What Are the Penalties for Possessing Steroids?

Under California law, steroids are classified as a Schedule III drug. According to the Controlled Substances Act, this classification includes drugs that have an accepted medical use and a low potential for physical and psychological dependence. Compared to Schedule I and Schedule II drugs, the potential for abuse of anabolic steroids is low.

Under Health and Safety Code 11377 HS, it is illegal for a person to possess anabolic steroids without having a prescription from a licensed physician, dentist, podiatrist, or veterinarian. If a person violates this law, they could be charged with a misdemeanor and face up to 6 months in county jail and up to $1,000 in fines. However, charges could be dismissed if the individual completes an authorized drug diversion program.

It is not an offense under this law for a person to have steroids in their possession if the prescription holder gave consent for the individual to take control of the substance and the reason for having it was to give it to the prescription holder or lawfully discard it.

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